Extraterrestrial Civilizations

First All-Union Conference on the Problem of Extraterrestrial Civilizations


May 20-23, 1964, Byurakan, Armenia



The conference was devoted to the problem of extraterrestrial civilizations and communication with them. It was the first experience of many-sided discussion of this problem. Possibilities of existence of outer civilizations with various levels of development were discussed and possible ways of communication with them were considered. It was recognized that the most expedient means of communication are the transmission and reception of radio signals. The subject of cosmic linguistics was broached as well.


Scientific Organizing Committee (SOC):


Local Organizing Committee (LOC):


Scientific Topics:



Academicians V.A. Ambartsumian, Y.B. Zeldovich, V.A. Kotelnikov, prominent scientists A.A. Pistolkors, V.I. Siforov, N.L. Kaidanovsky, B.V. Kukarkin, D.Y. Martynov, V.S. Troitsky, S.E. Khaikin, I.S. Shklovsky, and many other representatives of various scientific institutes of the USSR presented interesting talks and took an active part in the discussions. Altogether, 13 talks were given, including the Introductory talk by V.A. Ambartsumian and a contributed talk by H.M. Tovmassian.


Proceedings: Extraterrestrial Civilizations, Proceedings of an All-Union Conference held in Byurakan on May 20-23, 1964, Ed. H.M. Tovmassian, Academy of Sciences of Armenian SSR, Yerevan 1965, 151 p. (in Russian and English).



Full List of Participants


Ambartsumian V.A., Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), USSR

Boguslavski E.Ya., USSR

Gurzadyan G.A., Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), USSR

Gindilis L.M., USSR

Gladki A.V., Institute of Mathematics, Siberia Section of Acad. Sci., USSR

Herouni P.M., USSR

Kaidanovsky N.L., Principal Astronomical Observatory, Pulkovo, USSR

Kardashev N.S., Sternberg Astronomical Institute (GAISh), Moscow, USSR

Khaikin S.E., Principal Astronomical Observatory, Pulkovo, USSR

Kotelnikov V.A., Institute of Radiotechniques and Electronics, Acad. Sci., USSR

Kukarkin B.V., USSR

Martynov D.Y., USSR

Mirzabekyan E.H., Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), USSR

Novikov I.D., USSR

Pariyski, Yu.N., USSR

Pistolkors A.A., USSR

Razin V.A., USSR

Sahakian G.S., Yerevan State University (YSU), USSR

Shklovsky I.S., Sternberg Astronomical Institute (GAISh), Moscow, USSR

Siforov V.I., Institute of Radiotechniques and Electronics, Acad. Sci., USSR

Slysh V.I., Sternberg Astronomical Institute (GAISh), Moscow, USSR

Troitsky V.S., Radiophysical Research Institute, Gorki State University, USSR

Zeldovich Y.B., USSR