In the mid 1990s, the demise of the Soviet Union brought upon the nation yet an-other crisis of historical proportions. Economic collapse and war lead to the destruction of much of what was so painstakingly built over the past decades in the scientific and cultural realms, accompanied by an exodus of scientists and artists to Europe and the Americas.
However, due to efforts of the Diaspora, progress is on the rise with the hard work of many brave scientists and scholars who remained in Armenia to continue their work in their country. It is imperative however that Armenians outside Armenia contribute both logistically and economically to such an operation, bringing their wealth and expertise in western institutions into the equation. The desire of the Diaspora to assist the scientific enterprise in the Republic of Armenia has produced significant efforts. Late in 1999, in New York City, a group of Armenian academic and other intellectuals gathered and established an organization called the Armenian National Science and Education Fund (ANSEF) that operates under the umbrella of the Fund for Armenian Relief (FAR).
ANSEF’s purpose is to assist in maintaining and strengthening the Armenian intellectual community by providing peer reviewed research awards to support scientific, technological and scholarly research. This passionate group included Tavit Najarian, Edgar Housepian, Mihran Agbabian, Vartan Grigorian, Aram Chobanian, Harut Barsamian, Anahid Kazanjian Longobardo, Tamar Hajian, and Yervant Terzian.
In the last eight years, after establishing and describing the ANSEF process of competitive peer reviewed research awards, ANSEF has received between 200 and 300 research proposals per year requesting funding. It has been possible to provide funds for about 200 projects. Proposals have been received mostly from scientists and scholars who are associated with the various research centers of the Academy of Sciences and from faculty members of the Universities in Armenia.
Researchers in Armenia realize the importance of this new peer review system that serves as international validation of their work. Normally, the peer reviews indicate that about twice as many proposals should be supported every year, but unfortunately, ANSEF has a limited budget to provide for all. ANSEF’s Research Council is Chaired by Prof. Yervant Terzian at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Other members are Prof. Vatche Sahakian, Dr. Lilit Yeghiazarian, and Dr. Ashot Papoyan. To date more than 100 academic referees have participated in reviewing and evaluating proposals, including Nobel Laureates.
Normally the annual ANSEF request for proposals is announced on the ANSEF website http://www.ansef.org every June 1st, and proposals are due electronically by August 30 each year. After the peer review process is complete, the ANSEF awards are announced late in December each year.
Since 2001, more than 500 senior and junior scientists and scholars have benefited from the support that ANSEF has provided. Their research work has resulted in at least 250 articles published in prestigious international academic journals, boosting the global reputation of Armenia's research community. ANSEF is assuring that Armenia stays at the forefront of exciting scientific and scholarly research.
In the field of astronomy and astrophysics, ANSEF has supported 52 projects (USD 5000 each; projects by 28 Principal Investigators involving more than 70 scientists), including 39 from Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), 7 from the Yerevan State University (YSU) and 1 from NAS RA M. Abeghyan Institute of Literature.
Past ANSEF grants on astronomical subjects
Azatyan N. (BAO), The Origin Of The Runaway Stars In Vel OB1 Association
Mickaelian A. (BAO), Discovery And Study Of New White Dwarfs Using Gaia Accurate Astrometry
Mikayelyan G. (BAO), Optical Properties of Infrared Galaxies
Gigoyan K. (BAO), Search and Study of Faint M- and C- Type Long Period Asymptotic Giant Branch Variables at High Galactic Latitudes
Hakobyan A. (BAO), The Diversity of Type Ia Supernova Progenitors
Demirchyan H. (BAO), Conformal mechanics associated with near horizon black hole geometries
Nikoghosyan E. (BAO), Ha Emission of PMS Stellar Objects
Hakobyan A.A. (BAO), The relations between the distribution of supernovae, stellar population and density waves in galaxies
Samsonyan A.L. (BAO), Comparison of Far Infrared [CII] and [OIII] Emission Lines in Starbursts and AGN
Farmanyan S.V. (NAS RA M. Abeghyan Institute of Literature), Study of Ancient and Modern Cosmology Using Armenian Manuscripts
Sahakyan N. (ICRANet – Armenia Center), High energy gamma-rays from radio galaxies
Saharian A. (YSU), Influence of topological defects on the electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations in de Sitter space-time
Aramyan L. (BAO), The influence of various triggers of star formation on supernova rates
Movsessian T.H. (BAO), On the nature of various type emission structures in the jets from young stars
Mickaelian A.M. (BAO), X-ray properties of active galaxies
Hakobyan A.A. (BAO), Study of Supernovae and their host galaxies in the far (z ~ 0.3 – 0.6) Universe
Balayan S.K. (BAO), Software for control 1m telescope bao
Hakobyan A.A. (BAO), Supernovae distribution and host galaxy properties
Movsessian T.H. (BAO), Investigation of the internal structures in the jets from young stars
Mickaelian A.M. (BAO), Study of Multiwavelength Properties of Markarian Galaxies using Virtual Observatory
Movsessian T.H. (BAO), Spectro-imagery of Herbig-Haro jets with scanning Fabry-Perot interferometery
Yeghikyan A. (BAO), Theoretical investigation of cosmic ray and ultraviolet radiation processing of astrobiologically relevant ices in interstellar molecular clouds
Andreasyan R.R. (BAO), The differences in the morphology and physical properties in parent galaxies of nearby extragalactic radio sources and other elliptical galaxies of the same luminosities and red shifts from the field
Hakobyan A.A. (BAO), Study of the supernova progenitors via their host galaxies from the SDSS DR7
Magakian T.Yu. (BAO), Searches of young stellar objects by H-alpha and CaII emission
Sargsyan L.A. (BAO), Dust obscuration and velocity distribution in narrow line regions of AGN
Hakobyan A.A. (BAO), Different Type of Supernovae, Stellar Population and Star Formation in Galaxies
Mahtesyan A.P. (BAO), Two-point correlation functions of groups and clusters of galaxies, radio galaxies and quasars
Ohanian, G.A. (BAO), Integral Field Spectroscopy of Different Types Radio Galaxies with Various Linear Sizes
Nikoghosyan, E.H. (BAO), The investigation of the very active star formation region in Cygnus OB7 complex
Sadoyan, A.A. (YSU), Investigation of Gravitational Wave Sources in Medium Frequency Band
Balayan S.K. (BAO), Reconstruction of the BAO 1m Schmidt Type Telescope
Mickaelian A.M. (BAO), Science with the Armenian Virtual Observatory
Mahtesyan A.P. (BAO), The Influence of the Surroundings on the Physical Characteristics of Galaxies in Groups
Nikoghosyan, E.H. (BAO), Search and the Proper Motions of Herbig-Haro Objects in the Star Forming Regions
Ter-Kazarian G.T. (BAO), Multi-Nuclei Features of Markarian Galaxies and Physical Mechanism Beyond
Andreasyan R.R. (BAO), The 3-D structure of the magnetic field of the Galaxy
Saharian A.A. (YSU), Casimir Densities and Induced Cosmological Constant in Higher-Loop String Cosmology
Sedrakyan D.M. (YSU), Gravitational Waves from Relativistic Superdense Stellar Objects
Andreasyan R.R. (BAO), The Distribution of Free Electrons in the Galaxy
Hakopian S.A. (BAO), 3D-study of SBS galaxies
Ter-Kazarian G.T. (BAO), An Activity of Galactic Nuclei and Superdense “Protomatter” Sources in the Universe
Movsessian T.H. (BAO), Multi-Component Investigation of Extragalactic Radio Sources
Vardanyan Yu.L. (YSU), Quark Matter in Superdense Stellar Objects
Zalinian V.P. (BAO), Updating the Control of the Telescope ZTA-2.6
Hovhannisyan M.A. (BAO), The Investigation of the Extended Radio Galaxies
Magakian T.Yu. (BAO), Searches and Detailed Studies of Outflows from PMS Stars
Mickaelian A.M. (BAO), Digitization of the First Byurakan Survey (FBS)
Shahabasyan K.M. (YSU), Problems of Magnetic Field Behavior and Rotational Dynamics of Pulsars
Khachikian E.Ye. (BAO), Radio and Optical Investigations of Extragalactic Objects
Mickaelian A.M. (BAO), Study of Starburst/AGN/Interaction Phenomena in IRAS Galaxies
Saharian A.A. (YSU), Dynamics of Higher-Loop String Cosmology and Dilation Stabilization